All businesses impact on the environment - some such as oil & gas companies much more than others such as green energy companies. In order to better understand the impact of greenhouse gas emissions such as carbon dioxide, they are broken down into three categories - Scope 1, 2 and 3.
This system was introduced in 2001 by the World Resources Institute as part of their Greenhouse Gas Protocol designed to create a universal method for all companies to measure and report on emissions related to their business. As climate change rises up the political agenda, the reports of global companies are more closely scrutinised for disclosure of carbon emissions.
Most of these emissions come from the outsourcing of manufacturing, mainly to companies in the Far East and the task is to ensure that all these supply companies use 100% renewable energy and use renewable materials. This is quite a task and Apple have created an entire team dedicated to helping its suppliers plug into clean energy.
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